Post Secondary

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Post-Secondary Education

Here you will find reports/research and articles covering a wide range of topics dealing with colleges/universities, technical colleges and other after-high school issues. Posting here does not imply Georgia Partnership endorsement. Entries go back to 2015.  Broken links should be reported here.

2017

Varying Degrees - Is Higher Education Measuring Up?
New America

Americans believe in the tremendous potential of higher education—but they also feel that higher education is falling short of that promise. New America's inaugural survey reveals a stark expectations gap between what higher education could—and should—be and what higher education currently is. Introduction. Related story. (May 17)

Putting Your Major to Work: Career Paths After College
The Hamilton Project

Students’ career paths after college are often surprising and difficult to predict given students’ majors. Not only do students from the same major transition into a surprising variety of occupations, they also earn very different incomes. Related story. (May 12)

The 20% Solution: Selective Colleges Can Afford to Admit More Pell Grant Recipients
Georgetown Center on Education and the Workforce

Roughly 86,000 Pell Grant recipients score at or above the median on standardized tests for students at selective colleges but do not attend those institutions. Related story. (May 4)

Completing College: A National View of Student Attainment Rates by Race and Ethnicity - Fall 2010 Cohort
National Student Clearinghouse

College completion rates vary widely along racial and ethnic lines, with black and Hispanic students earning credentials at a much lower rate than white and Asian students do. Introduction.  Related story. (April 27)

Post Secondary Success Begins in High School
Chronicle of Higher Education

More than half of incoming community-college students, and approximately 20 percent of incoming students at four-year institutions, are academically unprepared when they arrive on campus. (April 6)

The Labor Market Returns to Sub-Baccalaureate College: A Review
Center for Analysis of Post Secondary Education and Employment (CAPSEE)

This paper and accompanying brief review recent evidence on the labor market returns to credit accumulation, certificates, and associate degrees from community colleges. Brief. Related story. (April 3)

Annual Counseling Survey
Assn. of Univ. & Col. Counseling Center Directors

More than half of the college students who visited their campus counseling centers during the 2015-16 academic year reported symptoms of anxiety according to this survey. Related story. (March 31)

Hungry and Homeless in College - Results from a National Study of Basic Need Insecurity in Higher Education
Wisconsin Hope Lab

The report surveyed more than 33,000 students at 70 two-year institutions in 24 states and found that two-thirds struggle with food insecurity, half are housing insecure, one-third are regularly hungry and 14 percent are homeless. Related story. (March 16)

Making Ends Meet - The Role of the Community College in Student Financial Health
Center for Community College Student Engagement

This report reveals that nearly half of community college students reported that a lack of finances could cause them to withdraw from their institutions. Related story. (February 22) 

Aiding Success - The Role of Federal and State Financial Aid in Supporting California Community College Students
Association of Community College Trustees

This report documents the variation in student graduation and transfer rates by students' financial situation. Introduction. Related story. (February 15)

Undergraduate Degree Earners - First-time Graduates and Graduates with Prior Awards
National Student Clearinghouse Research Center

The number of students earning their first undergraduate degree in 2015-16 (first-time graduates) was 2,246,233, a decline of 1.4 percent compared to 2014-15. Introduction. Related story. (February 10) 

We Don't Know How Many Students Aren't Ready for College.  That Matters.
Hechinger Report

Each year, when they get to campus, more than half a million American college students have to take so-called remedial or developmental education classes to teach them basic math and English skills they should have learned in high school. And that’s not even the full story. (January 30)

Mobility Report Card: The Role of Colleges in Intergenerational Mobility
Equality of Opportunity Project

Although students who come from wealthy backgrounds are far more likely to attend highly selective colleges than students from poor families, rich and poor students who go to the same college will achieve equal financial success. Related story. (January 25)

Georgia Higher Learning and Earnings (GHLE) Dashboard
The Governor's Office of Student Achievement

This is a new report and interactive website detailing earning outcomes for degrees and certificates obtained at Georgia’s public postsecondary educational institutions.  (January 4) 

2016

Closing the College Gap - A Roadmap to Postsecondary Readiness and Attainment (Also posted in Secondary section)
GradNation

The report analyzes new longitudinal data to link the progress made in raising high school graduation rates to what is known about college readiness, access and persistence; the best indicators of a students’ postsecondary success; and the necessary and complementary roles that both the K-12 and higher education systems must play to raise educational attainments and close opportunity gaps. Press release. Related story. (December 12)

Completing College: A National View of Student Attainment Rates - Fall 2010 Cohort
National Student Clearinghouse Research Center

This fifth annual report on national college completion rates offers a look at the six-year outcomes for students who began postsecondary education in fall 2010, toward the end of the Great Recession. Introduction. Related story. (December 6)

Knocking at the College Door - Projections of High School Graduates
Western Interstate Commission for Higher Education

The steady growth in high school graduates that led to significant expansion of higher education in the United States in recent decades is coming to an abrupt halt. Introduction. Press release. Executive summary. Related story. (December 6)

FAFSA Completion Rates in 68 U.S. Cities for High School Class of 2015
National College Access Network

Ninety percent of high school seniors who complete the FAFSA proceed directly to college, versus only 55 percent who don’t complete the FAFSA. So how good are high school FAFSA completion rates in cities and school districts in the United States? Related story. (December 5)

Connecting College Students to Alternative Sources of Support
RAND Corporation

As community colleges across the nation struggle to improve completion rates, this study of an innovative effort providing students with a comprehensive range of support services finds the potential to improve college outcomes. Introduction. Related story. 

The Promise and Peril of Predictive Analytics in Higher Education
New America

This report describes how predictive analytics are used in higher education to identify students who need extra support, steer students in courses they will do well in, and provide digital tools that can customize the learning process for individual students. Introduction. Related story. (November 22) 

Advancing Diversity and Inclusion in Higher Education - Key Data Highlights Focusing on Race and Ethnicity and Promising Practices
U.S. Department of Education

A bachelor’s degree can be one of the surest pathways to economic advancement, but this report indicates that access to that opportunity has grown increasingly unequal over the past few decades. Related story. (November 22) 

Preparing Students for Success in California's Community Colleges
Public Policy Institute of California

The vast majority of students entering California’s community colleges are identified as unprepared for college and placed in remedial courses, known as developmental education. Press release. Related story. (November 11)

The Promise and Peril of Predictive Analytics in Higher Ed
New America

Predictive analytics--using massive amounts of historical data to predict future events--is a practice that’s making it easier and faster for colleges to decide which students to enroll and how to get them to graduation. Introduction. Related story. (October 25) 

Post-Secondary Strategic Plan for 2017 to 2020
Lumina Foundation

Transformative changes are needed to reach Goal 2025 and ensure a majority of Americans achieve the postsecondary learning so important for success in the 21st century. Introduction. Press release. Related story

What Will They Learn? A Survey of Core Requirements at Our Nation's Colleges and Universities
American Council of Trustees and Alumni

This study indicates the vast majority of colleges and universities are failing to teach their students core disciplines necessary for success in the workplace and the maintenance of a free and self-governing republic. Introduction. Related story. (October 13)

Report: Hunger On Campus - The Challenge of Food Insecurity for College Students
Students Against Hunger

A significant number of college students - 22 percent - have very low levels of food security, which makes classroom performance at risk. Executive summary. Related story. (October 7)

Student Agenda for Post Secondary Reform
Young Invincibles

This argues that a ban on collection of student-level data by the Depart of Education prevents policy makers and students from understanding which college majors and programs have the best outcomes in terms of salary, job placement and loan repayment. Introduction. Related story. (October 6) 

Time to Degree:  A National View of Time Enrolled and Elapsed for Associate and Bachelor's Degree Earners
National Student Clearing House Research Center

This report examines time to degree completion for a cohort of students who earned an associate degree as their first and only postsecondary degree or a bachelor’s degree as their first four-year degree between July 1, 2014, and June 30, 2015. Introduction. Related story. (September 22)

Georgia - Your Talents, Your Future
Metro Atlanta Chamber of Commerce

Supply and demand for jobs in Georgia aren’t always aligned. Some students graduate with degrees or certifications in areas that are in low demand by employers. Alternatively, many employers are eager to hire talent but have trouble finding applicants with the right degrees or skill sets. Related story. (September 13) 

The Effects of Rurality on College Access and Choice
Texas Tech University

Students from rural areas have a history of lower educational attainment at both the K-12 and postsecondary levels, yet this population remains understudied. This study seeks to update past studies of rural youth by examining college attendance and choice decisions for students from non-metropolitan counties. Abstract. Related story. (August 31)

Supplementing the Bachelor's Degree
National Student Clearinghouse Research Center

During the Great Recession, there was a slight increase in the percentage of bachelor’s degree earners who opted to continue their educations at two-year institutions. However, that percentage has now dropped well below pre-recession levels. Introduction. Related story. (August 26)

How Late is Too Late - Myths and Facts About the Consequences of Switching College Majors
EAB

This study of tens of thousands of college students finds that those who were open to change their major were more likely to graduate than those who decided right away. Related story. (August 26)

A Roadmap to College Readiness
SHEEO/NASH

This report outlines key opportunities for K-12 and higher education alignment that ultimately lead to more students arriving on campus ready for credit bearing coursework, shortened time to degree and increased postsecondary attainment. (August 12) 

America's Divided Recovery - College Haves and Have-nots - 2016
Georgetown University - Center on Education and the Workforce

The jobs recovery deepens the economic and political divide between workers with and without a college education.  This report finds that over 95% of the jobs created in the recovery have gone to those with education beyond a high school education. Introduction (1). Introduction (2).  Related story. (July 6) 

Momentum: The Academic and Economic Value of a 15-Credit First Semester Course Load fort College Students in Tennessee
Community College Research Center

Many students fail to complete college because the pathways they take through college are not optimal. One example is that their initial course loads are often too low. Abstract. Related story. (July 6) 

Higher Education, an American Star
Dr. Beheruz Sethna

Long-time Georgia Partnership for Excellence in Education Board member and President Emeritus, University of West Georgia, in this powerful and thorough TEDx presentation, describes the transformative value of higher education in America today. (June 7)

Why Performance-Based College Funding Doesn't Work
The Century Foundation

This argues that performance-based funding models are reinforcing disparities within higher education and doing little to move the needle on completion. Thirty-two states have funding systems that allocate money to institutions based on performance measures. (May 31)

Funding Down, Tuition Up - State Cuts to Higher Education Threaten Quality and Affordability at Public Colleges
Center on Budget and Policy Priorities

Years of cuts in state funding for public colleges and universities have driven up tuition and harmed students’ educational experiences by forcing faculty reductions, fewer course offerings, and campus closings. Related story. (May 20)

On the Verge - Tradeoffs Facing Community College Students
The Institute for College Access and Success

Even in California, where community college tuition is the lowest in the country and waived for all students with financial need, the financial obstacles to low-income students’ success are high and widespread. Related story. (April 18) 

Indicators of Higher Education Equity in the United States - 2016 Historical Trend Report
Pell Institute

This report examines trends in post-secondary enrollment in the U.S. by family income, race/ethnicity, and family socioeconomic status. Introduction. Related story.  (April 21)

Two-Year Grads Satisfied With Cost of Degree
Gallup

Bachelor's degrees are still more common in the U.S. than associate degrees, but the typically less expensive two-year degrees have become increasingly popular in the past decade as college costs have skyrocketed. Related article. (April 13) 

A Stronger Nation 2016
Lumina Foundation

The U.S. is making slow, but steady progress in the number of Americans who hold high-quality credentials beyond high school diplomas. Introduction. Related story. (April 12) 

Meandering Toward Graduation - Transcript Outcomes of High School Graduates
The Education Trust

Forty-seven percent, or almost half, of American high school graduates complete neither a college- nor career-ready course of study — defined here as the standard 15-course sequence required for entry at many public colleges, along with three or more credits in a broad career field such as health science or business. Introduction. Related story. (April 5)

The College and Career Readiness of U.S. High School Graduates
Achieve

For more than a decade, Achieve has issued an annual 50-state report on each state’s adoption of college- and career-ready (CCR) policies as reflected in state standards, graduation requirements, assessments, and accountability systems. Press release. Introduction.  (March 14) 

Great Jobs, Great Lives - Gallup-Purdue Index Inaugural National Report
Gallup - Purdue University

Is college worth it?  This is what graduates say. (February 2016) 

On Track: Redefining Readiness in Education and Workplace
Pearson

This new white paper introduces three “readiness models” designed to gauge students’ preparedness for college and workforce success. Related story. (February 2016)

Completion and Transfer Success of High-Achieving Community College Students
Mississippi State University/Phi Theta Kappa Honor Society
Two new studies suggest many colleges may be too quick to write off low-income students and community college transfers. Money and extra support change the equation, at least for some. Related story (story contains link to second study). (February 2016) 

Answering the Call:  Institutions and States Lead the Way Toward Better Measures of Postsecondary Performance
Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation

This report looks at how some states and colleges are using data to improve student graduation and retention rates. The foundation said the report is based on a decade's worth of lessons learned. Related story. (February 2016)

Education Deserts - The Continued Significance of "Place" in the Twenty-First Century
American Council on Education/Center for Policy Research and Strategy

Most public college students enroll within 50 miles of home, so location is more influential than policy makers think.  Related story. (February 2016)

The Condition of College & Career Readiness 2015 - Students from Low-Income Families
ACT - National Council for Community & Education Partnership

Roughly one in four of the 1.9 million high school students who graduated in 2015 and took the ACT are from low-income backgrounds, meaning their annual family incomes are less than $36,000. This group continues to lag in college readiness. Introduction. Related story. (February 2016)

Corequisite Remediation: Spanning the Completion Divide - Break Through Results Fulfilling the Promise of College Access for Underprepared Students
Complete College America

This report gives a first look at how pairing additional resources with introductory college courses can help students who need remediation. Related story (January 2016)

Turning the Tide - Inspiring Concern for Others and the Common Good through College Admissions
Making Caring Common Project - Harvard Graduate School of Education

The report includes concrete recommendations to reshape the college admissions process and promote greater ethical engagement among aspiring students, reduce excessive achievement pressure, and level the playing field for economically disadvantaged students. Executive summaryPress release. Related story. (January 2016)

Campus Climate Survey Validation Study - Final Technical Report
Bureau of Justice Statistics Research & Development Series

Presents the results of a nine-school pilot test that was conducted to develop a campus climate survey that collects school-level data on sexual victimization of undergraduate students. Related story. (January 2016)

Tracking Transfer: New Measures of Institutional and State Effectiveness in Helping community college Students Attain Bachelor's Degrees
Community College Research Center - The Aspen Institute

This report is designed to help improve transfer student outcomes by helping institutional leaders and policymakers better understand current outcomes and providing them with metrics for benchmarking their performance. Abstract. Press release. Related story. (January 2016)

2015

Leaking Pipeline from Community College to 4 Year
Insider Higher Education

The national college completion push has stalled, with graduation rates now going the wrong direction. Perhaps the best way to turn the tide, a new coalition argues, is to fix the inefficient and often neglected transfer pipeline from community colleges to four-year institutions. (December 2015)

Rising Tide:  Do College Grad Rate Gains Benefit All Students?
Education Trust

Graduation rates have been steadily improving at universities for about a decade now. But this report shows that at some public institutions, the gap in graduation rates between minority students and white students is actually growing. Introduction. Related story.  (December 2015)

What colleges do for local economies: A direct measure based on consumption
Brookings

Most economists and policymakers know that people who complete a college degree tend to earn more than people who have not attended college. Yet they often overlook the fact that these benefits extend beyond individual workers. (November 2015) 

Completing College - A National View of Student Achievement Rates
National Student Clearinghouse Research Center

This fourth annual report on national college completion rates offers a look at the six-year outcomes for students who began postsecondary education in fall 2009, the cohort that entered college as the Great Recession was ending. (November 2015)

Serving Their Share: Some Colleges Could Be Doing a Much Better Job Enrolling and Graduating Low-Income Students
Institute for Higher Education Policy

Some of the most selective and well-known public universities could do a better job of enrolling and graduating low-income students. Related story. (November 2015)

A New Measure of College Quality to Study the Effects of College Sector and Peers of Degree Attainments
National Bureau of Economic Research

Students starting at a two-year college are much less likely to graduate with a college degree than similar students who start at a four-year college but the sources of this attainment gap are largely unexplained. Related story. (October 2015)

The Covert For-Profit - How College Owners Escape Oversight through a Regulatory Blind Spot
The Century Foundation

Several for-profit colleges have recently restructured as nonprofit entities. This report argues that some of them now act like "covert for-profits" and that their backers profit in ways that are not standard at traditional universities. Related story. (October 2015)

Promise Unmet - How to Fix America's Community Colleges
Manhattan Institute for Policy Research

This report argues that community colleges aren't ready for the consequences of providing "free" tuition until they provide intensive counseling and "emulate" the for-profit college sector with relevant course work and internships. Related story. (September 2015) 

College and Career Readiness: An EdSource/CTA survey of teachers
EdSource

This survey provides new insights into teacher attitudes toward preparing students for college and careers, a principal goal of all major education reforms being implemented in California, including the Common Core State Standards. More. (September 2015)

The Pell Partnership:  Ensuring a Shared Responsibility for Low-Income Student Success
The Education Trust

Ed Trust compiled and analyzed information on how well Pell Grant recipients perform at 1,500 public and private nonprofit colleges; no for-profit colleges were included in the study. Related story. (September 2015) 

Promise Unmet - How to Fix America's Community Colleges
Manhattan Institute

As worries over Americans' workforce skills persist, community colleges have reemerged as a potential solution. But what is the best way to maximize their impact? Related story. (September 2015)

Colleges shift to using ‘big data’ — including from social media — in admissions decisions
Hechinger Report

Applicants for this year’s freshman class at Ithaca College didn’t have to send their standardized test scores. If they did, the scores were considered, but so were some surprising other factors — how many friends and photos they had on social media, for instance. (August 2015)

A Benchmark for Making College Affordable
Lumina Foundation

With several many public policy proposals circulating, officials at Lumina Foundation are offering up this simple framework for concretely defining what is reasonable for the typical college student and her/his family to pay for college. Related story. (August 2015)

Improved Adult Education Support Critical to Georgia's Bottom Line
Georgia Budget and Policy Institute

This report describes Georgia’s adult education challenges and successes. It also recommends ways for the state to educate more of its adults. Blog. (August 2015)

Rising to the Challenge: Views on High School Graduates' Preparedness for College and Careers
Achieve

Key findings from a survey of college instructors and employers who teach and hire recent high school graduates. Introduction. (August 2015)

Credit Supply and the Rise in College Tuition: Evidence from the Expansion in Federal Student Aid Programs
Federal Reserve Bank of New York

When students fund their education through loans, changes in student borrowing and tuition are interlinked. Higher tuition costs raise loan demand, but loan supply also affects equilibrium tuition costs—for example, by relaxing students’ funding constraints. Related story. (August 2015)

Race, Class & College Access - Achieving Diversity in a Shifting Legal Landscape
American Council on Education

This groundbreaking report examining how legal challenges to race-conscious admissions are influencing contemporary admissions practices at selective colleges and universities around the country. Introduction. Related story. (July 2015)

Transfer and Mobility:  A National View of Student Movement in Post Secondary Institutions
Project on Academic Success, Indiana University

Some 3.6 million students entered college for the first time in the fall of 2008, at the height of the Great Recession. Over the next six years, they transferred 2.4 million times, ricocheting between two- and four-year public and private colleges, often across state lines.  Related story. (July 2015) 

College Return on Investment Report - 2015
PayScale

PayScale's College ROI report has been keeping track of the monetary value of a college education at hundreds of colleges and universities for years, but what about the future? In this report, PayScale has forecast the college return on investment for both public and private schools through 2025. Related story. (June 2015) 

Out-Of-State Student Arms Race
New America

Public universities are using non-need-based aid to recruit out-of-state students, at the expense of low-income and in-state students. Related story. (May 2015)

Education Longitudinal Study of 2002 (ELS:2002): A First Look at the Postsecondary Transcripts of 2002 High School Sophomores
Institute of Education Sciences

This federal report presents a wealth of data about how 2002's 10th graders fared in higher education (and not) a decade later -- potentially offering researchers and policy makers enormous insight into who attains postsecondary success and why. Related story. (April 2015)

Postsecondary Education Aspirations and Barriers
Gallup-Lumina Foundation

This is the 2014 study of the American public's opinion on higher education.  Related story. (April 2015)

High costs, uncertain benefits: What do Americans without a college degree think about postsecondary education?
American Enterprise Institute

In the eyes of Americans without college degrees, higher education seems necessary but too expensive. Related story. More. (April 2015)

A Stronger Nation - A New Urgency Drives the Vital National Effort to Increase Postsecondary attainment
Lumina Foundation

Despite several years of state and national efforts, the United States is producing nowhere near the number of individual with postsecondary goals it needs to meet goals in the next 10 years.  Related story. (April 2015)

Snapshot Report - Contribution of Two-Year Institutions to 4-Year Completions
National Student Clearinghouse Research Center

In the 2013-14 academic year, 46 percent of students who completed a degree at a four-year institution were enrolled at a two-year institution at some point in the previous 10 years. (March 2015)

On Their Own Terms: Two-Year Minority Serving Institutions
Center for Minority Servings Institutions at the University of Pennsylvania

Although they often operate at the margins, nearly 22 percent of the nation’s community colleges are minority-serving institutions and are responsible for enrolling about 55 percent of college-going minorities. Related story. (March 2015)

Completing College:  A State-Level View of Student Attainment Rates
Project on Academic Success - Indiana University

Almost 41 percent of students who start college won't finish, according to the U.S. Department of Education. The data is grim, but it could also be unnecessarily pessimistic, according to this report.  Related story. (February 2015)

Multiple Measures for College Readiness
Education Commission of the States (ECS)

This report reviews the multiple measures to assess a student's college readiness, provides a deeper look at competency-based assessments and offers policy considerations for state and system leaders. (February 2015)

Addressing postsecondary access for undocumented students
Education Commission of the States

This report focuses on the 18 states that have passed legislation to update residency eligibility for in-state tuition and state financial aid to include additional individuals residing in the state, including undocumented individuals. (February 2015) 

The New Forgotten Half and Research Directions to Support Them
William T. Grant Foundation

Amid expanded college access over the past several decades, as many as 86 percent of on-time high school graduates now continue their education. But the era of “college for all” has yielded a new set of challenges and obstacles for some. (February 2015)

ACT National Curriculum Survey
ACT

The ACT National Curriculum Survey is a nationwide survey of educational practices and expectations. Conducted every three to five years by ACT, the survey collects data about what entering college students should know and be able to do to be ready for college-level coursework in English, math, reading, and science. (January 2015)