Post Secondary

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Post-Secondary Education

Here you will find reports/research and articles covering a wide range of topics dealing with colleges/universities, technical colleges and other after-high school issues. Posting here does not imply Georgia Partnership endorsement. Entries go back to 2014.  Broken links should be reported here.

2016

FAFSA Completion Rates in 68 U.S. Cities for High School Class of 2015
National College Access Network

Ninety percent of high school seniors who complete the FAFSA proceed directly to college, versus only 55 percent who don’t complete the FAFSA. So how good are high school FAFSA completion rates in cities and school districts in the United States? Related story. (December 5)

Connecting College Students to Alternative Sources of Support
RAND Corporation

As community colleges across the nation struggle to improve completion rates, this study of an innovative effort providing students with a comprehensive range of support services finds the potential to improve college outcomes. Introduction. Related story. 

The Promise and Peril of Predictive Analytics in Higher Education
New America

This report describes how predictive analytics are used in higher education to identify students who need extra support, steer students in courses they will do well in, and provide digital tools that can customize the learning process for individual students. Introduction. Related story. (November 22) 

Advancing Diversity and Inclusion in Higher Education - Key Data Highlights Focusing on Race and Ethnicity and Promising Practices
U.S. Department of Education

A bachelor’s degree can be one of the surest pathways to economic advancement, but this report indicates that access to that opportunity has grown increasingly unequal over the past few decades. Related story. (November 22) 

Preparing Students for Success in California's Community Colleges
Public Policy Institute of California

The vast majority of students entering California’s community colleges are identified as unprepared for college and placed in remedial courses, known as developmental education. Press release. Related story. (November 11)

The Promise and Peril of Predictive Analytics in Higher Ed
New America

Predictive analytics--using massive amounts of historical data to predict future events--is a practice that’s making it easier and faster for colleges to decide which students to enroll and how to get them to graduation. Introduction. Related story. (October 25) 

Post-Secondary Strategic Plan for 2017 to 2020
Lumina Foundation

Transformative changes are needed to reach Goal 2025 and ensure a majority of Americans achieve the postsecondary learning so important for success in the 21st century. Introduction. Press release. Related story

What Will They Learn? A Survey of Core Requirements at Our Nation's Colleges and Universities
American Council of Trustees and Alumni

This study indicates the vast majority of colleges and universities are failing to teach their students core disciplines necessary for success in the workplace and the maintenance of a free and self-governing republic. Introduction. Related story. (October 13)

Report: Hunger On Campus - The Challenge of Food Insecurity for College Students
Students Against Hunger

A significant number of college students - 22 percent - have very low levels of food security, which makes classroom performance at risk. Executive summary. Related story. (October 7)

Student Agenda for Post Secondary Reform
Young Invincibles

This argues that a ban on collection of student-level data by the Depart of Education prevents policy makers and students from understanding which college majors and programs have the best outcomes in terms of salary, job placement and loan repayment. Introduction. Related story. (October 6) 

Time to Degree:  A National View of Time Enrolled and Elapsed for Associate and Bachelor's Degree Earners
National Student Clearing House Research Center

This report examines time to degree completion for a cohort of students who earned an associate degree as their first and only postsecondary degree or a bachelor’s degree as their first four-year degree between July 1, 2014, and June 30, 2015. Introduction. Related story. (September 22)

Georgia - Your Talents, Your Future
Metro Atlanta Chamber of Commerce

Supply and demand for jobs in Georgia aren’t always aligned. Some students graduate with degrees or certifications in areas that are in low demand by employers. Alternatively, many employers are eager to hire talent but have trouble finding applicants with the right degrees or skill sets. Related story. (September 13) 

The Effects of Rurality on College Access and Choice
Texas Tech University

Students from rural areas have a history of lower educational attainment at both the K-12 and postsecondary levels, yet this population remains understudied. This study seeks to update past studies of rural youth by examining college attendance and choice decisions for students from non-metropolitan counties. Abstract. Related story. (August 31)

Supplementing the Bachelor's Degree
National Student Clearinghouse Research Center

During the Great Recession, there was a slight increase in the percentage of bachelor’s degree earners who opted to continue their educations at two-year institutions. However, that percentage has now dropped well below pre-recession levels. Introduction. Related story. (August 26)

How Late is Too Late - Myths and Facts About the Consequences of Switching College Majors
EAB

This study of tens of thousands of college students finds that those who were open to change their major were more likely to graduate than those who decided right away. Related story. (August 26)

A Roadmap to College Readiness
SHEEO/NASH

This report outlines key opportunities for K-12 and higher education alignment that ultimately lead to more students arriving on campus ready for credit bearing coursework, shortened time to degree and increased postsecondary attainment. (August 12) 

America's Divided Recovery - College Haves and Have-nots - 2016
Georgetown University - Center on Education and the Workforce

The jobs recovery deepens the economic and political divide between workers with and without a college education.  This report finds that over 95% of the jobs created in the recovery have gone to those with education beyond a high school education. Introduction (1). Introduction (2).  Related story. (July 6) 

Momentum: The Academic and Economic Value of a 15-Credit First Semester Course Load fort College Students in Tennessee
Community College Research Center

Many students fail to complete college because the pathways they take through college are not optimal. One example is that their initial course loads are often too low. Abstract. Related story. (July 6) 

Higher Education, an American Star
Dr. Beheruz Sethna

Long-time Georgia Partnership for Excellence in Education Board member and President Emeritus, University of West Georgia, in this powerful and thorough TEDx presentation, describes the transformative value of higher education in America today. (June 7)

Why Performance-Based College Funding Doesn't Work
The Century Foundation

This argues that performance-based funding models are reinforcing disparities within higher education and doing little to move the needle on completion. Thirty-two states have funding systems that allocate money to institutions based on performance measures. (May 31)

Funding Down, Tuition Up - State Cuts to Higher Education Threaten Quality and Affordability at Public Colleges
Center on Budget and Policy Priorities

Years of cuts in state funding for public colleges and universities have driven up tuition and harmed students’ educational experiences by forcing faculty reductions, fewer course offerings, and campus closings. Related story. (May 20)

On the Verge - Tradeoffs Facing Community College Students
The Institute for College Access and Success

Even in California, where community college tuition is the lowest in the country and waived for all students with financial need, the financial obstacles to low-income students’ success are high and widespread. Related story. (April 18) 

Indicators of Higher Education Equity in the United States - 2016 Historical Trend Report
Pell Institute

This report examines trends in post-secondary enrollment in the U.S. by family income, race/ethnicity, and family socioeconomic status. Introduction. Related story.  (April 21)

Two-Year Grads Satisfied With Cost of Degree
Gallup

Bachelor's degrees are still more common in the U.S. than associate degrees, but the typically less expensive two-year degrees have become increasingly popular in the past decade as college costs have skyrocketed. Related article. (April 13) 

A Stronger Nation 2016
Lumina Foundation

The U.S. is making slow, but steady progress in the number of Americans who hold high-quality credentials beyond high school diplomas. Introduction. Related story. (April 12) 

Meandering Toward Graduation - Transcript Outcomes of High School Graduates
The Education Trust

Forty-seven percent, or almost half, of American high school graduates complete neither a college- nor career-ready course of study — defined here as the standard 15-course sequence required for entry at many public colleges, along with three or more credits in a broad career field such as health science or business. Introduction. Related story. (April 5)

The College and Career Readiness of U.S. High School Graduates
Achieve

For more than a decade, Achieve has issued an annual 50-state report on each state’s adoption of college- and career-ready (CCR) policies as reflected in state standards, graduation requirements, assessments, and accountability systems. Press release. Introduction.  (March 14) 

Great Jobs, Great Lives - Gallup-Purdue Index Inaugural National Report
Gallup - Purdue University

Is college worth it?  This is what graduates say. (February 2016) 

On Track: Redefining Readiness in Education and Workplace
Pearson

This new white paper introduces three “readiness models” designed to gauge students’ preparedness for college and workforce success. Related story. (February 2016)

Completion and Transfer Success of High-Achieving Community College Students
Mississippi State University/Phi Theta Kappa Honor Society
Two new studies suggest many colleges may be too quick to write off low-income students and community college transfers. Money and extra support change the equation, at least for some. Related story (story contains link to second study). (February 2016) 

Answering the Call:  Institutions and States Lead the Way Toward Better Measures of Postsecondary Performance
Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation

This report looks at how some states and colleges are using data to improve student graduation and retention rates. The foundation said the report is based on a decade's worth of lessons learned. Related story. (February 2016)

Education Deserts - The Continued Significance of "Place" in the Twenty-First Century
American Council on Education/Center for Policy Research and Strategy

Most public college students enroll within 50 miles of home, so location is more influential than policy makers think.  Related story. (February 2016)

The Condition of College & Career Readiness 2015 - Students from Low-Income Families
ACT - National Council for Community & Education Partnership

Roughly one in four of the 1.9 million high school students who graduated in 2015 and took the ACT are from low-income backgrounds, meaning their annual family incomes are less than $36,000. This group continues to lag in college readiness. Introduction. Related story. (February 2016)

Corequisite Remediation: Spanning the Completion Divide - Break Through Results Fulfilling the Promise of College Access for Underprepared Students
Complete College America

This report gives a first look at how pairing additional resources with introductory college courses can help students who need remediation. Related story (January 2016)

Turning the Tide - Inspiring Concern for Others and the Common Good through College Admissions
Making Caring Common Project - Harvard Graduate School of Education

The report includes concrete recommendations to reshape the college admissions process and promote greater ethical engagement among aspiring students, reduce excessive achievement pressure, and level the playing field for economically disadvantaged students. Executive summaryPress release. Related story. (January 2016)

Campus Climate Survey Validation Study - Final Technical Report
Bureau of Justice Statistics Research & Development Series

Presents the results of a nine-school pilot test that was conducted to develop a campus climate survey that collects school-level data on sexual victimization of undergraduate students. Related story. (January 2016)

Tracking Transfer: New Measures of Institutional and State Effectiveness in Helping community college Students Attain Bachelor's Degrees
Community College Research Center - The Aspen Institute

This report is designed to help improve transfer student outcomes by helping institutional leaders and policymakers better understand current outcomes and providing them with metrics for benchmarking their performance. Abstract. Press release. Related story. (January 2016)

2015

Leaking Pipeline from Community College to 4 Year
Insider Higher Education

The national college completion push has stalled, with graduation rates now going the wrong direction. Perhaps the best way to turn the tide, a new coalition argues, is to fix the inefficient and often neglected transfer pipeline from community colleges to four-year institutions. (December 2015)

Rising Tide:  Do College Grad Rate Gains Benefit All Students?
Education Trust

Graduation rates have been steadily improving at universities for about a decade now. But this report shows that at some public institutions, the gap in graduation rates between minority students and white students is actually growing. Introduction. Related story.  (December 2015)

What colleges do for local economies: A direct measure based on consumption
Brookings

Most economists and policymakers know that people who complete a college degree tend to earn more than people who have not attended college. Yet they often overlook the fact that these benefits extend beyond individual workers. (November 2015) 

Completing College - A National View of Student Achievement Rates
National Student Clearinghouse Research Center

This fourth annual report on national college completion rates offers a look at the six-year outcomes for students who began postsecondary education in fall 2009, the cohort that entered college as the Great Recession was ending. (November 2015)

Serving Their Share: Some Colleges Could Be Doing a Much Better Job Enrolling and Graduating Low-Income Students
Institute for Higher Education Policy

Some of the most selective and well-known public universities could do a better job of enrolling and graduating low-income students. Related story. (November 2015)

A New Measure of College Quality to Study the Effects of College Sector and Peers of Degree Attainments
National Bureau of Economic Research

Students starting at a two-year college are much less likely to graduate with a college degree than similar students who start at a four-year college but the sources of this attainment gap are largely unexplained. Related story. (October 2015)

The Covert For-Profit - How College Owners Escape Oversight through a Regulatory Blind Spot
The Century Foundation

Several for-profit colleges have recently restructured as nonprofit entities. This report argues that some of them now act like "covert for-profits" and that their backers profit in ways that are not standard at traditional universities. Related story. (October 2015)

Promise Unmet - How to Fix America's Community Colleges
Manhattan Institute for Policy Research

This report argues that community colleges aren't ready for the consequences of providing "free" tuition until they provide intensive counseling and "emulate" the for-profit college sector with relevant course work and internships. Related story. (September 2015) 

College and Career Readiness: An EdSource/CTA survey of teachers
EdSource

This survey provides new insights into teacher attitudes toward preparing students for college and careers, a principal goal of all major education reforms being implemented in California, including the Common Core State Standards. More. (September 2015)

The Pell Partnership:  Ensuring a Shared Responsibility for Low-Income Student Success
The Education Trust

Ed Trust compiled and analyzed information on how well Pell Grant recipients perform at 1,500 public and private nonprofit colleges; no for-profit colleges were included in the study. Related story. (September 2015) 

Promise Unmet - How to Fix America's Community Colleges
Manhattan Institute

As worries over Americans' workforce skills persist, community colleges have reemerged as a potential solution. But what is the best way to maximize their impact? Related story. (September 2015)

Colleges shift to using ‘big data’ — including from social media — in admissions decisions
Hechinger Report

Applicants for this year’s freshman class at Ithaca College didn’t have to send their standardized test scores. If they did, the scores were considered, but so were some surprising other factors — how many friends and photos they had on social media, for instance. (August 2015)

A Benchmark for Making College Affordable
Lumina Foundation

With several many public policy proposals circulating, officials at Lumina Foundation are offering up this simple framework for concretely defining what is reasonable for the typical college student and her/his family to pay for college. Related story. (August 2015)

Improved Adult Education Support Critical to Georgia's Bottom Line
Georgia Budget and Policy Institute

This report describes Georgia’s adult education challenges and successes. It also recommends ways for the state to educate more of its adults. Blog. (August 2015)

Rising to the Challenge: Views on High School Graduates' Preparedness for College and Careers
Achieve

Key findings from a survey of college instructors and employers who teach and hire recent high school graduates. Introduction. (August 2015)

Credit Supply and the Rise in College Tuition: Evidence from the Expansion in Federal Student Aid Programs
Federal Reserve Bank of New York

When students fund their education through loans, changes in student borrowing and tuition are interlinked. Higher tuition costs raise loan demand, but loan supply also affects equilibrium tuition costs—for example, by relaxing students’ funding constraints. Related story. (August 2015)

Race, Class & College Access - Achieving Diversity in a Shifting Legal Landscape
American Council on Education

This groundbreaking report examining how legal challenges to race-conscious admissions are influencing contemporary admissions practices at selective colleges and universities around the country. Introduction. Related story. (July 2015)

Transfer and Mobility:  A National View of Student Movement in Post Secondary Institutions
Project on Academic Success, Indiana University

Some 3.6 million students entered college for the first time in the fall of 2008, at the height of the Great Recession. Over the next six years, they transferred 2.4 million times, ricocheting between two- and four-year public and private colleges, often across state lines.  Related story. (July 2015) 

College Return on Investment Report - 2015
PayScale

PayScale's College ROI report has been keeping track of the monetary value of a college education at hundreds of colleges and universities for years, but what about the future? In this report, PayScale has forecast the college return on investment for both public and private schools through 2025. Related story. (June 2015) 

Out-Of-State Student Arms Race
New America

Public universities are using non-need-based aid to recruit out-of-state students, at the expense of low-income and in-state students. Related story. (May 2015)

Education Longitudinal Study of 2002 (ELS:2002): A First Look at the Postsecondary Transcripts of 2002 High School Sophomores
Institute of Education Sciences

This federal report presents a wealth of data about how 2002's 10th graders fared in higher education (and not) a decade later -- potentially offering researchers and policy makers enormous insight into who attains postsecondary success and why. Related story. (April 2015)

Postsecondary Education Aspirations and Barriers
Gallup-Lumina Foundation

This is the 2014 study of the American public's opinion on higher education.  Related story. (April 2015)

High costs, uncertain benefits: What do Americans without a college degree think about postsecondary education?
American Enterprise Institute

In the eyes of Americans without college degrees, higher education seems necessary but too expensive. Related story. More. (April 2015)

A Stronger Nation - A New Urgency Drives the Vital National Effort to Increase Postsecondary attainment
Lumina Foundation

Despite several years of state and national efforts, the United States is producing nowhere near the number of individual with postsecondary goals it needs to meet goals in the next 10 years.  Related story. (April 2015)

Snapshot Report - Contribution of Two-Year Institutions to 4-Year Completions
National Student Clearinghouse Research Center

In the 2013-14 academic year, 46 percent of students who completed a degree at a four-year institution were enrolled at a two-year institution at some point in the previous 10 years. (March 2015)

On Their Own Terms: Two-Year Minority Serving Institutions
Center for Minority Servings Institutions at the University of Pennsylvania

Although they often operate at the margins, nearly 22 percent of the nation’s community colleges are minority-serving institutions and are responsible for enrolling about 55 percent of college-going minorities. Related story. (March 2015)

Completing College:  A State-Level View of Student Attainment Rates
Project on Academic Success - Indiana University

Almost 41 percent of students who start college won't finish, according to the U.S. Department of Education. The data is grim, but it could also be unnecessarily pessimistic, according to this report.  Related story. (February 2015)

Multiple Measures for College Readiness
Education Commission of the States (ECS)

This report reviews the multiple measures to assess a student's college readiness, provides a deeper look at competency-based assessments and offers policy considerations for state and system leaders. (February 2015)

Addressing postsecondary access for undocumented students
Education Commission of the States

This report focuses on the 18 states that have passed legislation to update residency eligibility for in-state tuition and state financial aid to include additional individuals residing in the state, including undocumented individuals. (February 2015) 

The New Forgotten Half and Research Directions to Support Them
William T. Grant Foundation

Amid expanded college access over the past several decades, as many as 86 percent of on-time high school graduates now continue their education. But the era of “college for all” has yielded a new set of challenges and obstacles for some. (February 2015)

ACT National Curriculum Survey
ACT

The ACT National Curriculum Survey is a nationwide survey of educational practices and expectations. Conducted every three to five years by ACT, the survey collects data about what entering college students should know and be able to do to be ready for college-level coursework in English, math, reading, and science. (January 2015)

2014

Graduating College Later in Life Doesn't Hamper Income
Gallup

Despite delaying their college education, nontraditional college graduates -- defined here as those who earn their degree at age 25 or older -- have personal incomes later in life that are similar to those of traditional graduates, or those who earn their degree before age 25. (December 2014)

Closing the Skills Gap: CEOs Say Skills Gap Threatens U.S. Economic Future
Business Roundtable/Change the Equation

The skills gap is a serious challenge for America’s businesses and our entire economy.  If our businesses and economy are going to compete and succeed, then we must address this crisis. Introduction. More. Related story. (December 2014)

Bridge the Gap: Rebuilding America's Middle Skills
Accenture/burnningglass/Harvard Business School

This report defines middle-skills jobs as those that “require more education and training than a high-school diploma but less than a four-year college degree.” It explores this segment of the labor market, identifying where jobs have been lost and skills sets undeveloped, and pointing to where and how the situation might be improved. Related story. (November 2014) 

Riskier Majors May Become More Attractive if People Know Upside
Chronicle of Higher Education

Students’ choice of academic major can be influenced heavily by how information about their potential earnings is framed, suggests a new study scheduled to be discussed here at this week’s annual conference of the Association for the Study of Higher Education. (November 2014)

Open Doors
Institute of International Education

This is a comprehensive information resource on international students and scholars studying or teaching at higher education institutions in the United States, and U.S. students studying abroad for academic credit at their home colleges or universities. Related story. (November 2014) 

The Project on Student Debt - Student Debt and the Class of 2013
The Institute for College Access & Success

Student debt has hit another record—with the typical 2013 college grad who borrowed commencing post-collegiate life with loan bills totaling $28,400. Related story. Trends in Student Aid. (November 2014)

Blueprint for College Readiness
Education Commission of the States (ECS)

Explore the 50-state analysis by clicking the different policies below! Find out which states are pursuing these policies and check out the accompanying resources, such as the State Profiles. The Blueprint is designed to respond to the unique needs of states. Related story. (October 2014)

A Great Recession, a Great Retreat - A Call for a Public College Quality Compact
Center for American Progress

This details -- on a state-by-state basis -- the extent to which recession-driven reductions in public college financing since 2008 have sent tuitions soaring, and how disproportionately low- and middle-income students and the institutions that serve them have been affected. Related story. (October 2014)

The Changing Profile of Student Borrowers - Biggest Increase in Borrowing Has Been Among More Affluent Students
Pew Research Center

All college graduates are more likely than they were two decades ago to have financed their education with loans. But the likelihood of borrowing increased the most among students from the nation’s wealthiest families. Related story. (October 2014) 

Mid-Career Outcomes of Graduates of Virginia Institutions of Higher Education
State Council of Higher Education for Virginia

This report finds wages increase by level of degree and that there is significant variation within degree levels by discipline. Technical and professional disciplines generally show higher wages than disciplines in the liberal arts and humanities. (September 2014)

The Progress of Education Reform - A Hidden Cause of Rising Tuition
Education Commission of the States

The cost of attending college continues to rise, with tuition increases outpacing national inflation. One often overlooked cause is the practice of tuition discounts. (August 2014)

2014 Condition of College & Career Readiness
ACT, Inc.

Using the ACT College Readiness Benchmarks and ACT® college readiness assessment scores, this report provides national and state snapshots of college readiness of the graduating seniors of the class of 2014 who took the ACT in high school. Introduction. ACT press release. (August 2014)

A Cure for Remedial Chaos:  Why the U.S. Needs a Standard Method for Measuring Preparedness for the First Year of College
Education Commission of the States

To combat the need for remediation in college, experts need a clear picture of the problem. However, this research finds wide variation among states in how remediation is measured and reported. Related story. (July 2014)

College Affordability and Transparency Center
U.S. Department of Education

This updated list on the costs to attend some 4,300 higher education institutions, is an annual effort to make costs more transparent and to give families and students more information to pick a college that's the right cost for them. Related story. (July 2014)

Building Career Pathways to Help More Students Succeed
Jobs for the Future

Eight states, including Georgia, are tackling a growing disconnect between the nation’s education system and its economy by exposing more middle-school and high-school students to jobs, making education relevant to careers, and beefing up alternatives to the four-year college degree. Related story. (July 2014)

Are Recent College Graduates Finding Good Jobs?
New York Federal Reserve

This new report makes it clear that a college degree makes a big difference when it comes to earning power and career opportunity. Related story. (June 2014)

A Case Study in Lifting College Attendance
The Upshot

Sydney Nye was a straight-A student with an SAT score high enough to apply to any college in the country. When her senior year of high school in Wilmington, Del., started about nine months ago, she had dreams of becoming a chemical engineer. But... (June 2014)

Defining Promise: Optional Standardized Testing Policies in American College and University Admissions
National Association for College Admission Counseling

This report concludes there is no significant difference in the success rates of students who submit their standardized test scores to colleges and those who don’t. Related story. Introduction information. (February 2014)