Achievement Gap

Here you will find a variety of reports and articles focusing on achievement gap issues that continue to be found in our public education system.  Inclusion here does not indicate Georgia Partnership support of particular positions.

Learning English in Rural America
Education Commission of the States (ECS)

As English language learners arrived in waves, many rural schools and districts quickly went for low-incidence to high-incidence of ELLs. Here is how rural areas have responded. (November 2014)

 

Making Sure All Children matter:  Getting School Accountability Signal Right
Education Trust

School accountability systems have the potential to be a powerful tool to help close the long-standing gaps in achievement that separate low-income students and students of color from their peers. Here's how. (October 2014)

The Power of the Pygmalion Effect - Expectations Have a Deep Influence on Student Performance
Center for American Progress

Students from low-income families and students of color may perform poorly in school because their teachers simply do not believe in them. Researchers found that students whose teachers expected them to graduate from college were significantly more likely to do so. Related stories:  Huffington Post and educationpost. (October 2014)

Music Lessons Enhance Brain Function in Disadvantaged Kids
Pacific Standard

There is much evidence that poverty, and the chronic stress it creates, hinders the development of young brains. However, new research finds one important aspect of neural functioning is gradually strengthened when underprivileged children engage in a challenging but fun activity: Music lessons. (September 2014)

Closing the Race Gap:  Alleviating Young African American Unemployed Through Education
Young Invincibles

This report shows yet another way African Americans face systematic disadvantage on the job market. Related story. (August 2014)

Mother's Education and Children's Outcomes:  How Dual-Generation Programs Offer Increased Opportunities for America's Families
Foundation for Child Development

Early childhood programs are one thing and education for adults another, but rarely do the two go hand-in-hand. However, disparities between children whose mothers had not graduated from high school and those whose mothers had a college degree are enormous. (July 2014)

Why Rural Matters 2013-2014 - The Condition of Rural Education in the 50 States
The Rural School and Community Trust

This is the seventh in a series of biennial reports analyzing the contexts and conditions of rural education in each of the 50 states and calling attention to the need for policymakers to address rural education issues in their respective states. Introduction. (May 2014)

Looking at the Best Teachers and Who They Teach
Center for American Progress

This report studies schools in Massachusetts and Louisiana and comes to the conclusion that many of the students who need the best teachers most - poor students and students of color - are least likely to get them. Related storyIntroduction. (April 2014)

Evidence mounting that poverty causes lasting physical and mental health problems for children
Pittsburgh Gazette

Sheila Good faced the decision most mothers dread. Should she spend more time raising her son or earning a paycheck? Should she be a better mom or a better provider? (November 2013)
Growing income achievement gap overshadows race
Hechinger Report

On a weekday afternoon in July, Jessica Klaitman pulled her 16-month-old daughter Hannah out of a stroller in the lobby of the New York Kids Club, a 10,000 square-foot “child-enrichment center” with four classrooms, a dance studio, and gym space in Brooklyn Heights, N.Y. (August 2013)

AP-NORC Poll: Demographics divide views of schools
Associated Press

Minority and low-income parents are more likely to see serious problems in their schools - from low expectations to bullying to out-of-date technology and textbooks - than those who are affluent or white, according to a recent AP-NORC survey. (August 2013)

Poverty and Education: Finding the Way Forward
ETS

Of the 35 richest countries, the U.S. has the second highest child poverty rate. Twenty-two percent of American children are in poverty, and while education has long been touted as the great equalizer, that is more myth than reality. (August 2013)

School-Based Mentoring Programs: Using Volunteers to Improve the Outcomes of Underserved Students
mdrc

Do school-based mentoring programs work? Yes, if a mentorship pair forms a relationship that the student rates as "somewhat close" or better. (August 2013)

The State of Education for Native Students
Education Trust

Native American students have not shared in the recent rise in educational performance achieved by African Americans and Latinos. Related story. (August 2013)

Breaking the Glass Ceiling of Achievement for Low-Income Students and Students of Color
Education Trust

While gaps between student groups have narrowed over time at the below basic level of performance, gaps at the advanced level have widened. And among higher income groups, gap-widening between white students and students of color is more pronounced. Introduction. Related story (AJC). Related story (Ed Week). (May 2013)

Out of School and Off Track:  The Overuse of Suspensions in American Middle and High Schools
The Civil Rights Project - UCLA

In this first of a kind breakdown of data from over 26,000 U.S. middle and high schools, CRP researchers estimate that well over two million students were suspended during the 2009-2010 academic year. Related story. (March 2013)

At a Crossroads:  A Comprehensive Look at How African-American Youth Fare in Los Angeles County Schools
Education Trust - West

African-American students in Los Angeles County demonstrate significant learning gaps by 2nd grade; those gaps widen with age and lead to the highest school dropout rate among all races (ECS),  Related storyReport introduction. (February 2013)

Do Federally Assisted Households Have Access to High Performing Public Schools
Poverty & Race Research Issue Council

Government agencies are working hard to improve resources and outcomes in low income, racially isolated communities and schools. The effort aims at expanding low income families’ access to racially and economically integrated schools and communities. (December 2012)

Inseparable Imperatives:  Equity in Education and the Future of the American Economy
Alliance for Excellent Education 

Report's focus: America cannot afford to ignore the gaps in educational achievement and high school graduation rates.  Failing to close those gaps will have dire consequences for the American economy.  Related story. (December 2012)

Failure Is Not an Option!
Public Agenda

How principals, teachers, students and teachers from Ohio's high achieving, high-poverty schools explain their success. Related. (November 2012)

Can Academic Standards Boost Literacy and Close the Achievement Gap?
The Future of Children – Princeton – Brookings

This policy brief examines the ability of standards to boost literacy and close the achievement gap. The authors assert that Common Core State Standards are one part of solving the nation's literacy problem and will need to be paired with other initiatives. (October 2012)

The Urgency of Now – The Schott 50 State Report on Public Education and Black Males 2012
Schott Foundation

This report focuses on Black male graduation rates 2009-2010. Related story. (September 2012)

Housing Costs, Zoning, and Access to High-Scoring Schools
Brookings

Nationwide, the average low-income student attends a school that scores at the 42nd percentile on state exams, while the average middle/high-income student attends a school that scores at the 61st percentile on state exams. This school test-score gap is even wider between black and Latino students and white students. Relating story. (April 2012)

College Degree Gap Widens
Daily Yonder

In many ways, rural America has caught up with the rest of the U.S. in terms of educational achievement. But over the past 40 years, the gap in the percentage of adults with college degrees has increased between urban and rural counties. (April 2012)